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Article

Changes in Cognitive Function and in the Levels of Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) in Older Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Subjected to a Cardiorespiratory Exercise Programme

1
Departamento de Educación Física, Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, 7760197 Metropolitana, Chile
2
Facultad de Educación, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, 26006 Logroño, Spain
3
Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain
4
Physical Performance and Sports Research Centre, University of Pablo de Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5038; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125038
Received: 12 April 2020 / Revised: 15 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 19 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Aging: Educational Innovations in the Elderly)
Ageing and diabetes are recognised as important risk factors for the development of cognitive deterioration. The aim was to analyse the effects of a walking-based training programme on cognitive deterioration and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in older women with type 2 diabetes. This was a six-month experimental and longitudinal study with an experimental group (EG) (n = 57) and a control group (CG) (n = 52). All participants were diabetic with hypoglycaemic treatment. EG carried out a walking-based training program. After the training, we evaluated the diabetic state (HbA1c), cognitive functioning with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) and body mass index (BMI). Results: EG obtained better results than CG in all the analysed variables. EG showed a significant improvement in the levels of HbA1c (−4.5%; p < 0.001), VO2max (+5.9%; p < 0.001) and BMI (−5.4%; p < 0.001); it also obtained increases in the scores of cognitive functioning, which were statistically significant in all dimensions, except for calculation (p = 0.384) and language (p = 0.168). Conclusion: The aerobic treatment produced significant improvements in the diabetic state and cognitive functioning in older women with type 2 diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; walking; training; health; cognitive impairment; ageing physical activity; walking; training; health; cognitive impairment; ageing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Molina-Sotomayor, E.; Onetti-Onetti, W.; Castillo-Rodríguez, A.; González-Jurado, J.A. Changes in Cognitive Function and in the Levels of Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) in Older Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Subjected to a Cardiorespiratory Exercise Programme. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5038. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125038

AMA Style

Molina-Sotomayor E, Onetti-Onetti W, Castillo-Rodríguez A, González-Jurado JA. Changes in Cognitive Function and in the Levels of Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) in Older Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Subjected to a Cardiorespiratory Exercise Programme. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):5038. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125038

Chicago/Turabian Style

Molina-Sotomayor, Edgardo, Wanesa Onetti-Onetti, Alfonso Castillo-Rodríguez, and Jose Antonio González-Jurado. 2020. "Changes in Cognitive Function and in the Levels of Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) in Older Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Subjected to a Cardiorespiratory Exercise Programme" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 5038. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125038

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