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Article

Sustainable Use of Waste Polypropylene Fibers and Palm Oil Fuel Ash in the Production of Novel Prepacked Aggregate Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

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Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh 12372, Saudi Arabia
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Institute for Smart Infrastructure and Innovative Construction (ISIIC), School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
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Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj 11942, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 4871; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124871
Received: 26 May 2020 / Revised: 11 June 2020 / Accepted: 13 June 2020 / Published: 15 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable and Alternative Cementitious Materials)
This study proposed the prepacked aggregates fiber-reinforced concrete (PAFRC), which is a newly developed concrete, with a unique combination of coarse aggregate and short polypropylene (PP) fiber that is premixed and placed in the formworks. This study aims to investigate the potential use of waste polypropylene fibers and palm oil fuel ash (POFA) in the production of PAFRC to enhance the strength and deformation properties. The compressive strength, impact-resistant, drying shrinkage, and microstructural analysis of PAFRC were investigated experimentally. Six mixes comprising fiber volume fractions from 0–1.25% with a length of 30 mm were cast by gravity technique. Another six mixtures with the same fiber volume fractions were cast using a pump to inject the grout into the formwork. The experimental outcomes exposed that with the addition of PP carpet fiber, the compressive strength of PAFRC decreased. Nevertheless, PAFRC mixes shown a remarkable improvement in the tensile strength. The combination of POFA and PP fibers in PAFRC specimens led to higher impact strength and increasing the ductility of concrete. In addition, the drying shrinkage of PAFRC reduced significantly with the addition of waste PP fibers. It can be concluded that due to the adequate strength and deformation properties, PAFRC is the potential to be used as innovative fiber reinforced concrete in several applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: prepacked aggregate fiber-reinforced concrete; sustainability; strength; deformation; microstructure; waste polypropylene fiber; palm oil fuel ash prepacked aggregate fiber-reinforced concrete; sustainability; strength; deformation; microstructure; waste polypropylene fiber; palm oil fuel ash
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alrshoudi, F.; Mohammadhosseini, H.; Md. Tahir, M.; Alyousef, R.; Alghamdi, H.; Alharbi, Y.R.; Alsaif, A. Sustainable Use of Waste Polypropylene Fibers and Palm Oil Fuel Ash in the Production of Novel Prepacked Aggregate Fiber-Reinforced Concrete. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4871. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124871

AMA Style

Alrshoudi F, Mohammadhosseini H, Md. Tahir M, Alyousef R, Alghamdi H, Alharbi YR, Alsaif A. Sustainable Use of Waste Polypropylene Fibers and Palm Oil Fuel Ash in the Production of Novel Prepacked Aggregate Fiber-Reinforced Concrete. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):4871. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124871

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alrshoudi, Fahed, Hossein Mohammadhosseini, Mahmood Md. Tahir, Rayed Alyousef, Hussam Alghamdi, Yousef R. Alharbi, and Abdulaziz Alsaif. 2020. "Sustainable Use of Waste Polypropylene Fibers and Palm Oil Fuel Ash in the Production of Novel Prepacked Aggregate Fiber-Reinforced Concrete" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 4871. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12124871

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