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Article

Aging Society and the Selected Aspects of Environmental Threats: Evidence from Poland

1
Department of Regional Economy, Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, Nowowiejska 3, 58-500 Jelenia Góra, Poland
2
Department of Quality and Environmental Management; Wroclaw University of Economics and Business, Nowowiejska 3, 58-500 Jelenia Góra, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4648; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114648
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 June 2020 / Published: 6 June 2020
The article addresses problems of population aging in Poland and the selected environmental hazards exerting a negative impact on seniors’ health. The introduction presents the reasons underlying the above-mentioned aging process and provides the characteristics of the primary environmental threats. The next part covers the most important trends and indicators related to the demographic situation in the country. The core of the study is focused on presenting and interpreting the results of empirical research on the periodization of the population aging process in Poland, in the years 2004–2019, using the multidimensional statistical analysis method including, in particular, the data classification method. The key demographic factors differentiating the development phases of the population aging process include, in order of their significance: longer life expectancy of the population, narrowed gross reproduction rate, declining birth rate, and total migration balance. In addition, the article provides the analysis of the selected environmental threats’ impact on population aging in Poland, among which the following were indicated: high temperatures, solar conditions, heavy rainfall, strong winds, droughts, and fires. Moreover, the process of longer life expectancy in fine health is essentially related to two issues: the level of medical care, with particular attention paid to check-ups and preventive measures, and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. In summary, it should be highlighted that the elimination of all pollutants or the reasons of environmental hazards is not possible; however, the actions primarily focused on reducing the emission of harmful gases into the atmosphere and other forms of environmental pollution should definitely be taken. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural environment; sustainable development; society; aging; environmental hazards; periodization; multidimensional statistical analysis; Ward’s method; Poland natural environment; sustainable development; society; aging; environmental hazards; periodization; multidimensional statistical analysis; Ward’s method; Poland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sobczak, E.; Bartniczak, B.; Raszkowski, A. Aging Society and the Selected Aspects of Environmental Threats: Evidence from Poland. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4648. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114648

AMA Style

Sobczak E, Bartniczak B, Raszkowski A. Aging Society and the Selected Aspects of Environmental Threats: Evidence from Poland. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4648. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114648

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sobczak, Elżbieta, Bartosz Bartniczak, and Andrzej Raszkowski. 2020. "Aging Society and the Selected Aspects of Environmental Threats: Evidence from Poland" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4648. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114648

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