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Open AccessArticle

Selection of Winter Season Crop Pattern for Environmental-Friendly Agricultural Practices in India

1
Industrial Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Regina, 3737 Wascana Pkwy, Regina, SK S4S 0A2, Canada
2
Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
3
School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
4
School of Economics and Management, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4562; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114562
Received: 11 April 2020 / Revised: 22 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
Owing to the sudden changes in climatic conditions, monsoon failure, and scarce availability of resources because of population hike, yielding a minimum profit has become a challenge for Indian farmers. This is a severe problem for India, as a major part of the Nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) depends on agriculture. To change this dreadful situation, Indian farmers must employ sustainable agricultural practices in farming, as it will help them to meet their agricultural needs and economic stability. Here, we have built a framework for selecting the ideal crop pattern for Winter Cropping Season (Rabi Season), as crop pattern plays a vital role in the effective function of sustainable agricultural practices. We have used the rough AHP-TOPSIS (Analytical Hierarchy Process-Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) method for finding the best crop pattern for the Rabi season, by considering all the influential criteria in terms of agriculture sustainability. Our study demonstrates an overall idea to the farmers and stakeholders about attaining maximum crop productivity with optimum use of available resources, without compromising the economic, social, and ecological aspects of agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable agriculture; crop pattern; winter crops; rough AHP; TOPSIS sustainable agriculture; crop pattern; winter crops; rough AHP; TOPSIS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sambasivam, V.P.; Thiyagarajan, G.; Kabir, G.; Ali, S.M.; Khan, S.A.R.; Yu, Z. Selection of Winter Season Crop Pattern for Environmental-Friendly Agricultural Practices in India. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4562. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114562

AMA Style

Sambasivam VP, Thiyagarajan G, Kabir G, Ali SM, Khan SAR, Yu Z. Selection of Winter Season Crop Pattern for Environmental-Friendly Agricultural Practices in India. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4562. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114562

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sambasivam, Veerasekar P.; Thiyagarajan, Gowtham; Kabir, Golam; Ali, Syed M.; Khan, Syed A.R.; Yu, Zhang. 2020. "Selection of Winter Season Crop Pattern for Environmental-Friendly Agricultural Practices in India" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4562. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114562

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