Next Article in Journal
Selection of Winter Season Crop Pattern for Environmental-Friendly Agricultural Practices in India
Next Article in Special Issue
MSW Management in Universities: Sharing Best Practices
Previous Article in Journal
Communicating with the Public about Emerald Ash Borer: Militaristic and Fatalistic Framings in the News Media
Previous Article in Special Issue
Indicators to Measure Efficiency in Circular Economies
Open AccessArticle

Transformation towards Circular Economy (CE) in Municipal Waste Management System: Model Solutions for Poland

1
Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Cracow, Poland
2
Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-261 Cracow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4561; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114561
Received: 22 April 2020 / Revised: 28 May 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 3 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Circular Economy and Sustainable Strategies)
Municipal waste management has been an area of special interest for the European Commission (EC) for many years, especially in the transformation process towards a circular economy (CE), which is a priority of the European Union’s (EU’s) economic policy. This paper presents the overview of the Polish waste management system (WMS) and the CE-related tasks indicated in the Polish CE Roadmap. Despite the fact that Poland is one of the countries that generates the least waste per capita (329 kg in 2018) in the EU (489 kg), it still has problems with adapting the levels of municipal waste recycling to European requirements (34.3% in 2018, EU average 47%), which result from the lack of sufficient infrastructure for waste management and the insufficiently developed public awareness and behaviors. The current paper presents an inventory of the recommended actions, which support transformation towards CE in municipal waste management. These actions have been grouped into six core principles of circularity, indicated in the ReSOLVE framework: Regenerate, Share, Optimize, Loop, Virtualize, and Exchange. In each of presented areas, recommended tasks and actions were identified that should be taken by governments and residents themselves, such as landfill remediation, use of selected municipal waste fractions for economic purposes, sharing products with co-users, waste recovery, remanufacturing products or components, virtual solutions in everyday life to reduce the amount of generated waste, or replacement of household appliances by items with a higher energy class. An implementation of specific actions indicated in the paper could positively influence transformation towards CE in Poland. Because the presented examples of actions are model solutions, they can also be used in other countries and regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste management; waste; municipal waste; circular economy (CE) waste management; waste; municipal waste; circular economy (CE)
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Smol, M.; Duda, J.; Czaplicka-Kotas, A.; Szołdrowska, D. Transformation towards Circular Economy (CE) in Municipal Waste Management System: Model Solutions for Poland. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4561. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114561

AMA Style

Smol M, Duda J, Czaplicka-Kotas A, Szołdrowska D. Transformation towards Circular Economy (CE) in Municipal Waste Management System: Model Solutions for Poland. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4561. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114561

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smol, Marzena; Duda, Joanna; Czaplicka-Kotas, Agnieszka; Szołdrowska, Dominika. 2020. "Transformation towards Circular Economy (CE) in Municipal Waste Management System: Model Solutions for Poland" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4561. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114561

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop