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Environmental Management in German Hospitals—A Classification of Approaches

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Sustainability Management and Environmental Accounting, Faculty of Business and Economics, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
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Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources, United Nations University, 01067 Dresden, Germany
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PRISMA–Centre for Sustainability Assessment and Policy, 01062 Dresden, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4428; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114428
Received: 19 April 2020 / Revised: 16 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 29 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
This paper analyzes organizational environmental performance and environmental management approaches in German hospitals. Based on data from an online survey and a subsequent cluster analysis, three groups of hospitals are identified: traditionalists, pragmatists, and environmentalists. The clusters differ regarding their organizational environmental performance, i.e., the environmental management elements adopted (policy, goals, structures, processes, and monitoring) and the environmental issues addressed (energy, water, material consumption, waste, emissions into water and air). The environmental management approaches hospitals adopt range from least to most active. Despite perceived stakeholder pressure being generally low, differences between the clusters can be observed. The most relevant stakeholders are internal ones, i.e., management and owners, rather than external ones. Furthermore, some organizational characteristics distinguish the clusters. This paper adds knowledge in the under-researched setting of hospitals and discusses managerial possibilities for the types of hospitals to increase their organizational environmental performance and to pursue a more holistic environmental approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: corporate environmental performance; organizational environmental management; stakeholder pressure; hospital; survey; cluster analysis corporate environmental performance; organizational environmental management; stakeholder pressure; hospital; survey; cluster analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Seifert, C.; Damert, M.; Guenther, E. Environmental Management in German Hospitals—A Classification of Approaches. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4428. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114428

AMA Style

Seifert C, Damert M, Guenther E. Environmental Management in German Hospitals—A Classification of Approaches. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4428. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114428

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seifert, Christin, Matthias Damert, and Edeltraud Guenther. 2020. "Environmental Management in German Hospitals—A Classification of Approaches" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4428. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114428

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