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Open AccessReview

From Bio to Nano: A Review of Sustainable Methods of Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes

Department of Organic Chemistry, Bioorganic Chemistry and Biotechnology, Silesian University of Technology, B. Krzywoustego 4, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Sustainability 2020, 12(10), 4115; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104115
Received: 28 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 16 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
This review summarizes the up-to-date techniques devised to synthesize carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from liquid or solid precursors of sustainable nature. The possibility to replace petroleum-based feeds for renewable resources such as essential oils or plant shoots is critically examined. The analysis shows that the complex nature of such resources requires the optimization of the reaction conditions to obtain products of desired microstructure and chemical composition. However, appropriate tuning of the process parameters enables the synthesis of even high-purity single-walled CNTs with a spectrum of demonstrated high-performance applications at low cost. The sheer number of successful studies completed on this front so far and described herein validate that the development of techniques for the manufacture of such products of high-added value from common precursors is not only possible but, most importantly, promising. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-feedstock; carbon nanotubes; synthesis bio-feedstock; carbon nanotubes; synthesis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Janas, D. From Bio to Nano: A Review of Sustainable Methods of Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4115.

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