Next Article in Journal
Serpentinite from Moeche (Galicia, North Western Spain). A Stone Used for Centuries in the Construction of the Architectural Heritage of the Region
Previous Article in Journal
Urban Planning Policy for Realizing Public Objectives Through Private Development in Seoul
Previous Article in Special Issue
Comparison of Assessment Systems for Green Building and Green Civil Infrastructure
Article Menu
Issue 9 (May-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Integrated BIM-Parametric Workflow-Based Analysis of Daylight Improvement for Sustainable Renovation of an Exemplary Apartment in Seoul, Korea

Department of Architecture, College of Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 2066 Seobu-ru Jangan-gu, Suwon-si Gyeonggi-do 440-746, Korea
Department of Building Physics, HafenCity University, Ueberseeallee 16, 20457 Hamburg, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2699;
Received: 7 April 2019 / Revised: 29 April 2019 / Accepted: 2 May 2019 / Published: 12 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Habitat)
PDF [9359 KB, uploaded 14 May 2019]


More than 60% of housing in South Korea consists of mass constructed apartment neighborhoods. Due to poor quality construction materials and components, the average operative life of apartment buildings is 20 years. The rapid degradation and low maintenance condition of transparent and semi-opaque components, as well as the limited daylight access in the standard apartment layout, are cause for the lower visual comfort of occupants. This research analyzes the improvement in visual comfort for the renovation of an exemplary apartment unit in Seoul, using Building Information Modeling (BIM) and parametric environmental analysis tools. The existing apartment is virtually reconstructed with BIM software. The building model is exported to Computer-Aided Design software to execute parametric daylight analyses through environmental simulation software. An enhanced modular building envelope and apartment layout are developed to reduce the energy demand for heating, cooling, artificial lighting, and to improve visual and thermal comfort. The visual comfort analysis of the refurbished apartment results in average improvements of 15% in terms of Daylight Factor and 30% of daylight autonomy. Therefore, this research proposes, the renovation of aged Korean apartment buildings to enhance daylighting and visual comfort. View Full-Text
Keywords: daylight analysis; visual comfort; BIM-parametric refurbishment workflow daylight analysis; visual comfort; BIM-parametric refurbishment workflow

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Amoruso, F.M.; Dietrich, U.; Schuetze, T. Integrated BIM-Parametric Workflow-Based Analysis of Daylight Improvement for Sustainable Renovation of an Exemplary Apartment in Seoul, Korea. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2699.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top