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Open AccessConcept Paper
Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2286; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082286

Territorial Resilience: Toward a Proactive Meaning for Spatial Planning

1
Responsible Risk Resilience Centre, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, Politecnico di Torino, 10125 Torino, Italy
2
Responsible Risk Resilience Centre, Department of Structural, Geotechnical and Building Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, Italy
3
Responsible Risk Resilience Centre, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, Università Degli Studi di Torino, 10124 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
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Abstract

The international debate on resilience has grown around the ability of a community to prepare for and adapt to natural disasters, with a growing interest in holistically understanding complex systems. Although the concept of resilience has been investigated from different perspectives, the lack of understanding of its conceptual comprehensive aspects presents strong limitations for spatial planning and for the adoption of policies and programs for its measurement and achievement. In this paper, we refer to “territorial resilience” as an emerging concept capable of aiding the decision-making process of identifying vulnerabilities and improving the transformation of socio-ecological and technological systems (SETSs). Here, we explore the epistemology of resilience, reviewing the origins and the evolution of this term, providing evidence on how this conceptual umbrella is used by different disciplines to tackle problem-solving that arises from disaster management and command-control practices to augment the robustness. Assuming the SETSs paradigm, the seismic and structural engineering, social sciences and history, urban planning and climatology perspectives intersects providing different analytical levels of resilience, including vulnerability and patrimony from a community and cultural perspective. We conclude that territorial resilience surpasses the analytical barriers between different disciplines, providing a useful concept related to complex problem-solving phenomena for land use planning, opening a new research question: how can territorial resilience be measured, acknowledging different units and levels of analysis aiding decision-making in spatial plans and projects? In attempting to understand a resilient system, quantitative and qualitative measurements are crucial to supporting planning decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; spatial planning; interdisciplinary; co-evolution; adaptation; transformation resilience; spatial planning; interdisciplinary; co-evolution; adaptation; transformation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brunetta, G.; Ceravolo, R.; Barbieri, C.A.; Borghini, A.; de Carlo, F.; Mela, A.; Beltramo, S.; Longhi, A.; De Lucia, G.; Ferraris, S.; Pezzoli, A.; Quagliolo, C.; Salata, S.; Voghera, A. Territorial Resilience: Toward a Proactive Meaning for Spatial Planning. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2286.

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