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Life Cycle Assessment Contribution in the Product Development Process: Case Study of Wood Aluminum-Laminated Panel

1
Department of wood and forest sciences, Laval University, Quebec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
2
Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Interdisciplinary Research Laboratory on Sustainable Engineering and Ecodesign (LIRIDE), University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
3
Department of Secondary Manufacturing, FPInnovations, Montreal, QC G1V 4C7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(8), 2258; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11082258
Received: 7 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 April 2019 / Published: 15 April 2019
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Abstract

The benefits of aluminum lamination in improving the physical and mechanical properties of wood-based composites is now well documented. This paper shows the contribution of life cycle assessment (LCA) as a tool to assess and compare the environmental footprint in the development of laminated panels. SimaPro 9.0 software, using Ecoinvent database was used to analyze the environmental impacts associated with the manufacturing of wood aluminum-laminated (WAL) panels and aluminum honeycomb panel (AHP). The impact 2002+ method was used to estimate environmental impacts. The LCA results show that the WAL panels manufacturing had a lower environmental impact than AHP manufacturing. In term of product, wood-based composites were the best choice as a core in laminated panel manufacturing. Wood-based composite manufacturing showed environmental advantages in all damage categories except in ecosystem quality. Aluminum alloy sheets manufacturing played an important role in the generation of environmental impacts for laminated panel development. View Full-Text
Keywords: product development; wood-based composite; aluminum alloy sheet; laminated panel; LCA; environmental performance product development; wood-based composite; aluminum alloy sheet; laminated panel; LCA; environmental performance
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Segovia, F.; Blanchet, P.; Amor, B.; Barbuta, C.; Beauregard, R. Life Cycle Assessment Contribution in the Product Development Process: Case Study of Wood Aluminum-Laminated Panel. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2258.

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