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A Research and Innovation Agenda for Zero-Emission European Cities

1
Unit of Energy Systems Analysis, KTH—Royal Institute of Technology, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Payne Institute, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA
3
TNO Strategic Analysis and Policy, NL-2509 Den Haag, The Netherlands
4
Section of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Renewable Energy Systems group, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(6), 1692; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061692
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 19 March 2019 / Accepted: 19 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
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Abstract

The Paris Agreement and SDG13 on Climate Action require a global drop in Green House Gases (GHG) emissions to stay within a “well below 2 degrees” climate change trajectory. Cities will play a key role in achieving this, being responsible for 60 to 80% of the global GHG emissions depending on the estimate. This paper describes how Research and Innovation (R&I) can play a key role in decarbonizing European cities, and the role that research and education institutions can play in that regard. The paper highlights critical R&I actions in cities based on three pillars: (1) innovative technology and integration, (2) governance innovation, and (3) social innovation. Further, the research needed to harmonize climate mitigation and adaptation in cities are investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: cities´ decarbonization; European Union; zero carbon cities; smart cities; circular economy; governance; social innovation cities´ decarbonization; European Union; zero carbon cities; smart cities; circular economy; governance; social innovation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Fuso Nerini, F.; Slob, A.; Ericsdotter Engström, R.; Trutnevyte, E. A Research and Innovation Agenda for Zero-Emission European Cities. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1692.

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