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Article

Future Options for Sewage and Drainage Systems Three Scenarios for Transitions and Continuity

by 1,2
1
Faculty of Technology, Innovation & Society, The Hague University of Applied Science, 2521 EN Den Haag, The Netherlands
2
The Netherlands and Faculty of Technology, Policy & Management, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
Sustainability 2019, 11(5), 1383; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051383
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 28 February 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Innovation Strategies)
The challenge of sustainable development requires cities to aim for drastic improvements in the systems that support its vital functions. Innovating these systems can be extremely hard, and might take lots of time. A transparent and democratic strategy is important to guarantee support for change. Such a process should aim at developing consensus regarding a basic vision to guide the process of systems change. This paper sketches future options for the development of sanitation- and urban drainage systems in industrialized economies. It will provide an analysis of relevant trends for sewage system innovation. In history, sewage systems have emerged from urban sewage and precipitation removal systems, to urban sewage and precipitation removal and cleaning systems. The challenge for the future is recovering energy and resources from sewage systems while maintaining/improving its sanitary service and lowering its emissions. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sustainability; systems strategy; systems innovation; sewage systems urban sustainability; systems strategy; systems innovation; sewage systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mulder, K. Future Options for Sewage and Drainage Systems Three Scenarios for Transitions and Continuity. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1383. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051383

AMA Style

Mulder K. Future Options for Sewage and Drainage Systems Three Scenarios for Transitions and Continuity. Sustainability. 2019; 11(5):1383. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051383

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mulder, Karel. 2019. "Future Options for Sewage and Drainage Systems Three Scenarios for Transitions and Continuity" Sustainability 11, no. 5: 1383. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051383

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