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Open AccessArticle

Local Participation in Tourism Development—Roles of Non-Tourism Related Residents of the Alpine Destination Bad Reichenhall

1
dwif-Consulting GmbH, 80331 Munich, Germany
2
Chair of Tourism/Center for Entrepreneurship, Catholic University of Eichstaett-Ingolstadt, 85072 Eichstätt, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(24), 6947; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246947
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 22 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 5 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stakeholder Management in Tourism Destinations)
This study applies an adapted approach of the traditional view on local participation in tourism development. First, the study mainly focuses on exploring the patterns behind participation instead of the reasons for participation. Second, a case is chosen that transcends the interest in researching participation in developing countries. Third, the study focuses on non-tourism related residents, an under-researched group of stakeholders. It is thus investigated how non-tourism related residents face the process of participation in tourism development and what the main barriers and drivers are in this regard. To discuss this issue, the study takes a closer look at the case of Bad Reichenhall, an Alpine Destination in Germany. 15 qualitative interviews are conducted with non-tourism related residents and further evaluated through a qualitative content analysis. The results underline that tourism represents a public domain that concerns all stakeholders of a destination. The typology derived throughout the study reflects the heterogeneity of non-tourism related residents, coming up with four types of non-tourism related residents facing participation in tourism development rather differently. Various barriers and drivers are revealed that impact non-tourism related residents from both a personal and general point of view. Non-tourism related residents turn out as a promising and important target group in the discourse of stakeholder participation in tourism development. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable tourism development; participatory design; tourism stakeholders; residents; local participation; alpine destinations sustainable tourism development; participatory design; tourism stakeholders; residents; local participation; alpine destinations
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Kantsperger, M.; Thees, H.; Eckert, C. Local Participation in Tourism Development—Roles of Non-Tourism Related Residents of the Alpine Destination Bad Reichenhall. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6947.

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