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Open AccessArticle

Implementation Barriers for a System of Environmental-Economic Accounting in Developing Countries and Its Implications for Monitoring Sustainable Development Goals

1
Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, 2333 CC Leiden, The Netherlands
2
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Padjadjaran University, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang Km. 21, Jatinangor, West Java 45363, Indonesia
3
United Nations-Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP), The United Nations Building, Rajadamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand
4
MetricsForTheFuture.com, 2351 NN Leiderdorp, The Netherlands
5
Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO, 2595 DA den Haag, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6417; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226417
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 28 October 2019 / Accepted: 31 October 2019 / Published: 14 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Assessment, Life Cycle Analysis and Sustainability)
The desire to include environmental information in national accounts has resulted in the construction of a system of environmental-economic accounting (SEEA). As the international statistical standard for environmental-economic accounting, the SEEA can provide valuable support for monitoring Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This study assesses the potential use of the SEEA for monitoring SDGs. This paper shows that, in theory, the potential for this system is significant. However, based on a literature review and survey of SEEA experts, practical problems in implementing the SEEA are significant, especially in developing countries. Such issues include data availability and quality, as well as the availability of funding and human resources. Capacity development is key to establishing successful implementation of the SEEA in developing countries. For example, the World Bank’s WAVES program (Wealth Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services) has been instrumental in capacity building in developing countries, which, however, still show great variation in how they implement SEEA. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; SEEA; system of environmental-economic accounting; WAVES; SDG indicators sustainable development; SEEA; system of environmental-economic accounting; WAVES; SDG indicators
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Pirmana, V.; Alisjahbana, A.S.; Hoekstra, R.; Tukker, A. Implementation Barriers for a System of Environmental-Economic Accounting in Developing Countries and Its Implications for Monitoring Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6417.

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