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Open AccessArticle

Self-Deprecation or Self-Sufficient? Discrimination and Income Aspirations in Urban Labour Market Sustainable Development

1
School of Management, Xi’an Polytechnic University, Xi’an 710048, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China
3
School of Public Administration, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
4
School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6278; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226278
Received: 11 October 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 5 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
This research contributes to previous studies through exploring the association between individual psychological aspirations and hukou discrimination in the Chinese urban labour market. Applying data from the 2010 China General Social Survey, we divided the sample into local hukou residents and non-local migrants (includes urban-urban migrants and rural-urban migrants). We then examined the relationship between these sub-categories with different hukou status and their income aspirations (i.e., expected wage levels). The estimated results suggest that, in comparison with urban-urban migrants, rural-urban migrants are more likely to self-deprecate. Discrimination against rural-urban migrants significantly restricts their income aspirations. These findings imply that it is urgent to eliminate these negative impacts caused by hukou discrimination in the Chinese urban labour market, and understanding the structure of labour force quality such as psychological condition appears to be important in determining the long-term sustainable development of labour market. Theoretical and empirical implications, limitations and further research directions are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: income aspirations; hukou discrimination; urban labour market; sustainable development income aspirations; hukou discrimination; urban labour market; sustainable development
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Li, D.; Weng, Y.; Yang, X.; Zhao, K. Self-Deprecation or Self-Sufficient? Discrimination and Income Aspirations in Urban Labour Market Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6278.

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