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Open AccessArticle

Foreign Venture Capital Firms in a Cross-Border Context: Empirical Insights from India

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School of Social Sciences, National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bengaluru 560012, India
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Xavier Institute of Management and Entrepreneurship, Bengaluru 560100, India
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School of Business and Economics, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), 91054 Erlangen, Germany
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Technology Entrepreneurship and Innovation, University of Southern Denmark (SDU), Alsion 2, 6400 Sønderborg, Denmark
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Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400076, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6265; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226265
Received: 8 October 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Financial Risk Management and Sustainability)
Syndication or co-investment is a potent way of pooling resources among peer Venture Capital (VC) firms. This is even more vital for Foreign VC firms (FVCFs) when investing in destinations that are geographically distant from their countries of origin. Although FVCFs are relatively abundantly endowed in terms of financial capital, they are distinctly disadvantaged in terms of their social capital when investing in geographies that are distinctly different in terms of their institutions, norms, and culture from their own. One of the ways in which FVCFs overcome this impediment is by investing in human resources that serve as a bridge between their financial and social capital. Accordingly, the primary aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the resources of FVCFs and their syndication intensity. Using the technique of logistic regression, we arrive at several interesting findings. FVCFs with a greater proportion of investment executives with prior founding experience in India and those with lower proportions of professionals of Indian origin demonstrate lower syndication intensity. Similarly, the syndication intensity diminishes with the increase in size of the investing team. FVCFs with greater fund size demonstrate a lower need for syndication. Greater endowment of social capital as proxied by the age of the VC firm is seen to enhance the syndication intensity. View Full-Text
Keywords: syndication; foreign VCs; VC sustainability; VC risk management; human capital; social capital syndication; foreign VCs; VC sustainability; VC risk management; human capital; social capital
MDPI and ACS Style

Joshi, K.; Chandrashekar, D.; Brem, A.; Momaya, K.S. Foreign Venture Capital Firms in a Cross-Border Context: Empirical Insights from India. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6265.

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