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Risk Assessment and Regionalization of Fire Disaster Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and MODIS Data: A Case Study of Inner Mongolia, China

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College of Resources and Environmental Economics, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010070, China
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Collage of Desert Control Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010011, China
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College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
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Shanghai Institute of Tourism, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(22), 6263; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226263
Received: 17 September 2019 / Revised: 26 October 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
Inner Mongolia, as a fragile ecological zone in northern China, is prone to severe fires due to natural forces and intensive human disturbances. The development of a fire risk assessment system at the finer spatial scale is not sufficient in this region. In this study, we obtained the data of burned areas and fire hotspots numbers for Inner Mongolia from the Terra/Aqua Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data (MCD45A1 and MOD14A1/MYD14A1, 2002~2016). These fire maps were used to determine the fire spatial and temporal variability, as well as the interactions with environmental controls (climatic, vegetation, topography, and anthropic characteristics) derived in geographic information system (GIS) layers. Based on this, the fire-causing variables were selected as the dependent variables for model building, whereas data on burned area and number of fire hotspots were used for model validation. The fire risk assessment map was then generated in a 500 × 500 m grid cell using an analytic hierarchy process approach and a GIS technique. This work could be easily used for the ultimate aim of supporting fire management. View Full-Text
Keywords: MODIS; fire risk assessment; AHP; Inner Mongolia MODIS; fire risk assessment; AHP; Inner Mongolia
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Jia, X.; Gao, Y.; Wei, B.; Wang, S.; Tang, G.; Zhao, Z. Risk Assessment and Regionalization of Fire Disaster Based on Analytic Hierarchy Process and MODIS Data: A Case Study of Inner Mongolia, China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6263.

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