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Review

Evaluating Circular Economy under a Multi-Parametric Approach: A Technological Review

1
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Electric Power Division, Photometry Laboratory, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
2
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sector of Industrial Management and Operations Research, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
3
6th Region of Healthcare Authority: Peloponnese, Epirus, Ionian Islands and Western Greece, Ιpatis 1, 26441 Patras, Greece
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(21), 6139; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216139
Received: 19 September 2019 / Revised: 31 October 2019 / Accepted: 1 November 2019 / Published: 4 November 2019
A circular economy (CE) is conceptualized under different rounds of materials and energy cycling flows and is a matter of a three-level deployment: inter-enterprise circulation, regional circulation, and social circulation. Regarding them, the aim of this research was to get an update on the current technological advances and the perspectives of its implementation. Thus, a multi-parametric approach has been conducted to analyze the functionality of technologies in wastewater treatment, organic waste management, agrarian development, and food waste in the context of CE. Beside the narrative of the technological view, a critical approach assimilates the environmental, marketing, economic, governmental, and procedural viewpoints and leads to key indicators which are subject to positive and negative externalities. Due to this co-existence, we denoted the complexity of CE principle implementation and the need for specific envisage in each case, while proposing strategies are formulated in the light of social-environmental impact. Finally, further research gaps were proposed for deeper consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: agri-food products; circular economy; food waste management; industrial symbiosis; negative externalities; resources; social-environmental impacting; technological nutrients; waste management agri-food products; circular economy; food waste management; industrial symbiosis; negative externalities; resources; social-environmental impacting; technological nutrients; waste management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kyriakopoulos, G.L.; Kapsalis, V.C.; Aravossis, K.G.; Zamparas, M.; Mitsikas, A. Evaluating Circular Economy under a Multi-Parametric Approach: A Technological Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 6139. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216139

AMA Style

Kyriakopoulos GL, Kapsalis VC, Aravossis KG, Zamparas M, Mitsikas A. Evaluating Circular Economy under a Multi-Parametric Approach: A Technological Review. Sustainability. 2019; 11(21):6139. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216139

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kyriakopoulos, Grigorios L., Vasilis C. Kapsalis, Konstantinos G. Aravossis, Miltiadis Zamparas, and Alexandros Mitsikas. 2019. "Evaluating Circular Economy under a Multi-Parametric Approach: A Technological Review" Sustainability 11, no. 21: 6139. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11216139

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