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Open AccessArticle

A Taxonomy of Eco-Innovation Types in SMEs: Exploring Different Firm Profiles in the Canadian Wine Industry

Department of International Business, HEC Montreal, 3000 Chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine, Montréal, QC H3T 2A7, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5776;
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic, Business and Management Aspects of Sustainability)
The paper examines eco-innovation strategies in the Canadian wine industry. It uses firm-level data of 151 wine firms that developed eco-innovations between 2015 and 2017 to build a taxonomy of four eco-innovation strategies: (i) eco-innovation laggers, (ii) product-oriented eco-innovators, (iii) process-oriented eco-innovators, and (iv) fully integrated eco-innovators. We then characterize these eco-innovation strategies with respect to firm-level innovation capabilities, firms’ knowledge openness, and firms’ specific characteristics. The results reveal heterogeneity in eco-innovation strategies and show that these strategies exhibit different configurations of innovation-related conditions and firm characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-innovation; taxonomy; wine industry; Canada eco-innovation; taxonomy; wine industry; Canada
MDPI and ACS Style

Doloreux, D.; Kraft, L. A Taxonomy of Eco-Innovation Types in SMEs: Exploring Different Firm Profiles in the Canadian Wine Industry. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5776.

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