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Open AccessArticle

Fish is the Preferred Animal-Source Food in the Rural Community of Southern Bangladesh

1
Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Room 533, Agriculture Building 7-B, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan
2
WorldFish, Jalan Batu Maung, Batu Maung, 11960 Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia
3
Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5764; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205764
Received: 13 September 2019 / Revised: 14 October 2019 / Accepted: 15 October 2019 / Published: 17 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Systems Approaches to Complex and Sustainable Food Systems)
Increased intake of animal-source foods (ASFs) is crucial to tackle multiple nutritional challenges in Bangladesh, and contribute to achieving targets under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Qualitative and quantitative data were collected to assess current ASFs intake behaviors and preferred ASFs, among three types of households, namely 1. aquaculture intervention (AI); 2. aquaculture non-intervention (ANI); and 3. non-aquaculture non-intervention (NANI) households and children aged 6–59 months, to understand whether intake of ASFs vary by the types of households. Purposive sampling was conducted to obtain a total of 100 households (AI, 50; ANI, 25; NANI, 25). Fish was the most commonly consumed (52.2–61.5%) and preferred (73.9–84.6%) ASF by the majority households, across study groups; although amount (mean ± SD) of intake (g/d/person) by NANI households was statistically significantly lower (NANI, 105.5 ± 53.3; p < 0.001), compared to other two groups (AI, 163.6 ± 64.7 and ANI, 159.6 ± 53). Fish species selection for household consumption was led by taste, health benefits, availability, and price. Pangasius was the first fish species of choice fed to children, due to having fewer small bones compared to other commonly consumed fish species. Dietary interventions to prioritize fish, in targeting increased intake of ASFs among study population, for improved food and nutrition security. View Full-Text
Keywords: ASF; dietary intervention; preferred food; fish; drivers of food choice; malnutrition ASF; dietary intervention; preferred food; fish; drivers of food choice; malnutrition
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Akter, R.; Thilsted, S.H.; Hossain, N.; Ishihara, H.; Yagi, N. Fish is the Preferred Animal-Source Food in the Rural Community of Southern Bangladesh. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5764.

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