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Leadership and Governance Tools for Village Sustainable Development in China

by Yi Liu 1 and Wei Yang 2,*
1
Department of Public Administration, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China
2
Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, Jaffalaan 5, Delft 2628BX, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5553; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205553
Received: 4 June 2019 / Revised: 16 September 2019 / Accepted: 1 October 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
The Chinese central government has recognized that village–government networks are promising for the sustainable development of rural villages. Though many local governments tend to deploy various hands-on or hand-off governance tools to influence the sustainable development of village-governance networks, the number of villages successfully achieving “good governance” is still rare. Therefore, this study empirically elaborates on the application of three classic tools of governance networks, analyzing how leaders of local government and village communities influence the effectiveness of these tools. The data were collected by snowball interviews, careful observations, and documentary analysis in Xiaonan village, a representatively successful case of rural-village governance networks in China. We detected that governance tools are often inadequately used and under-development in Chinese rural-village governance networks, accompanying a strong interaction between the effectiveness of tools and leadership. Excellent leadership is necessary for a successful rural-village governance network and its scaling-up. View Full-Text
Keywords: governance network; meta-governance; tools; village; China; hands-on; hands-off; leadership governance network; meta-governance; tools; village; China; hands-on; hands-off; leadership
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Liu, Y.; Yang, W. Leadership and Governance Tools for Village Sustainable Development in China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5553.

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