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Sustainability 2019, 11(2), 368; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020368

Research on the Spatial Pattern Characteristics of the Taihu Lake “Dock Village” Based on Microclimate: A Case Study of Tangli Village

Department of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
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Received: 1 December 2018 / Revised: 4 January 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 12 January 2019
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Abstract

“Dock Village” terrain is, as its name implies, a region that contains settlements reminiscent of docks, in terms of their elongated shape, their outward upward tilt, and their location in the center of low, wide valleys. Dock village terrain features deep, fertile soil suitable for farming. Taihu Lake contains a number of classic examples of dock villages. Dock villages are relatively independent and hidden, characteristics that not only play a role in security and defense, but also, more importantly, are associated with enhanced climate adaptability, a relative lack of cold weather, and equable levels of heat and humidity. The dock village reflects the wisdom and distillation of traditional Chinese ecological practices and is highly valued as a research topic. Based on microclimate theory and ENVI-met software, four microclimate indices, namely, air temperature, wind speed, wind direction, and relative humidity, were simulated and analyzed in this study. The correlation between spatial characteristics and microclimate was studied from four perspectives: plane space, cross-section space, vertical section space, and linear development space. This research summarizes the historical context and evolution of the dock village spatial form in the construction of contemporary human settlements. It also provides scientific suggestions for the protection and sustainable development of ancient villages. View Full-Text
Keywords: microclimate; spatial pattern characteristics; Taihu Lake Dock Village; Tangli Village microclimate; spatial pattern characteristics; Taihu Lake Dock Village; Tangli Village
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Ma, K.; Tang, X.; Ren, Y.; Wang, Y. Research on the Spatial Pattern Characteristics of the Taihu Lake “Dock Village” Based on Microclimate: A Case Study of Tangli Village. Sustainability 2019, 11, 368.

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