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Innovation Ecosystems in the EU: Policy Evolution and Horizon Europe Proposal Case Study (the Actors’ Perspective) †

1
Department of Applied Economy, Structure and History, Complutense University of Madrid, Pozuelo de Alarcón 28223, Spain
2
International PhD School, National University of Distance Education, Madrid 28015, Spain
3
Department of Financial Economy and Accounting III, Complutense University of Madrid, Pozuelo de Alarcón 28223, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Part of the PhD thesis on the Innovation Ecosystems in the EU.
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4735; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174735
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 20 August 2019 / Accepted: 28 August 2019 / Published: 30 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
At the European Union (EU) level, innovation matter is acknowledged as crucial for progress and sustainability. Related policy action is materialized through Horizon Europe, the 9th Framework Program (FP) for research and development (R&D). The present 8th FP, Horizon 2020, is already considered the biggest public innovation support program in the world. Accordingly, the 9th FP is a cornerstone of innovation ecosystems configuration in the EU and, thus, should be carefully evaluated. In this paper, the analysis of the forthcoming FP proposal is made and a previously developed framework for the structural advancement assessment of innovation ecosystems was applied. The Actor’s viewpoint from the “innovation helix” is especially advantageous for a thorough evaluation. In conclusion, the Horizon Europe proposal does take into account the knowledge triangle or triple helix (Academia, Government, Industry) with “tacit”, however not very explicit, commitment towards complementing Society and Natural Environment dimensions. The process perspective of innovation is highlighted, particularly in terms of overcoming the “valley of death”; nevertheless, private innovation financing levels are still a matter of concern. If the sustainability is to be achieved, consistently allowing for socioecological transformation, authors recommend the orchestration of efforts, especially in the involvement of Society and implication in innovation, as well as in the Natural Environment orientation.
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Keywords: innovation; innovation ecosystems; innovation helix; EU innovation policy; 9th R&D Framework Program; Horizon Europe; innovation sustainability; socioecological transformation innovation; innovation ecosystems; innovation helix; EU innovation policy; 9th R&D Framework Program; Horizon Europe; innovation sustainability; socioecological transformation
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MDPI and ACS Style

González Fernández, S.; Kubus, R.; Mascareñas Pérez-Iñigo, J. Innovation Ecosystems in the EU: Policy Evolution and Horizon Europe Proposal Case Study (the Actors’ Perspective). Sustainability 2019, 11, 4735. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174735

AMA Style

González Fernández S, Kubus R, Mascareñas Pérez-Iñigo J. Innovation Ecosystems in the EU: Policy Evolution and Horizon Europe Proposal Case Study (the Actors’ Perspective). Sustainability. 2019; 11(17):4735. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174735

Chicago/Turabian Style

González Fernández, Sara, Renata Kubus, and Juan Mascareñas Pérez-Iñigo. 2019. "Innovation Ecosystems in the EU: Policy Evolution and Horizon Europe Proposal Case Study (the Actors’ Perspective)" Sustainability 11, no. 17: 4735. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174735

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