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Article

Smart Urban Planning: Evaluating Urban Logistics Performance of Innovative Solutions and Sustainable Policies in the Venice Lagoon—the Results of a Case Study

1
Dipartimento di Culture del Progetto, Università IUAV di Venezia, Ca’ Tron—Santa Croce 1957, 30135 Venice, Italy
2
Tedis Program—Sustainable Logistics Unit, Venice International University, Isola di San Servolo, 30133 Venice, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(17), 4580; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174580
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 13 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 23 August 2019
Currently, remarkable gaps of operational, social and environmental efficiency and overall sub-optimization of the logistics and mobility systems exist in urban areas. There is then the need to promote and assess innovative transport solutions and policy-making within SUMPs (Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans) to deal with such critical issues in order to improve urban sustainability. The paper focuses on the case study of the Venice Lagoon, where islands—despite representing a relevant feature of urban planning—face a tremendous lack of accessibility, depopulation, social cohesion and they turn out to be poorly connected. By developing an original scenario-building methodological framework and performing data collection activities, the purpose of the paper consists of assessing the feasibility of a mixed passenger and freight transport system —sometimes called cargo hitching. Mixed passenger and freight systems/cargo hitching are considered as an innovative framework based on the integration of freight and passenger urban systems and resources to optimize the existing transport capacity, and thus, urban sustainability. Results show that the overall existing urban transport capacity can accommodate urban freight flows on main connections in the Lagoon. The reduction in spare public transport capacity, as well as in the number (and type) of circulating freight boats show—in various scenarios—the degree of optimization of the resulting urban network configuration and the positive impacts on urban sustainability. This paves the way for the regulatory framework to adopt proposed solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban freight transport; urban logistics performance; urban mobility; mixed passenger and freight transport; cargo hitching; innovative policies; smart solutions; sustainability; Venice Lagoon urban freight transport; urban logistics performance; urban mobility; mixed passenger and freight transport; cargo hitching; innovative policies; smart solutions; sustainability; Venice Lagoon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mazzarino, M.; Rubini, L. Smart Urban Planning: Evaluating Urban Logistics Performance of Innovative Solutions and Sustainable Policies in the Venice Lagoon—the Results of a Case Study. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4580. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174580

AMA Style

Mazzarino M, Rubini L. Smart Urban Planning: Evaluating Urban Logistics Performance of Innovative Solutions and Sustainable Policies in the Venice Lagoon—the Results of a Case Study. Sustainability. 2019; 11(17):4580. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174580

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mazzarino, Marco, and Lucio Rubini. 2019. "Smart Urban Planning: Evaluating Urban Logistics Performance of Innovative Solutions and Sustainable Policies in the Venice Lagoon—the Results of a Case Study" Sustainability 11, no. 17: 4580. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11174580

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