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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Heterogeneity and Leadership on Innovation Performance: Evidence from University Research Teams in China

1
School of Public Administration, Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
National School of Development, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4441; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164441
Received: 12 July 2019 / Revised: 13 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Innovation in Organizations for Improving Decisions)
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Abstract

Interdisciplinary cooperation is an important way to achieve scientific innovation breakthrough. Currently, great scientific innovation often occurs in interdisciplinary areas. However, they still face challenges in relation to theoretical support and strategic choices. This paper identifies the extent to which interdisciplinary cooperation-induced heterogeneity affects team innovation performance in Chinese universities. The questionnaire survey is employed in this study and the samples selection covers a wide range of multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary collaboration. This study used Poisson regression analysis to create a new method to evaluate innovation performance. Then, the relationship between team heterogeneity and innovation performance was examined and the moderating role of transformational leadership was also introduced. The empirical results show that three independent variables (disciplinary heterogeneity, cognitive heterogeneity, and organisational heterogeneity) all had a significant positive effect on the team innovation performance. Transformational leadership has a significant positive effect on cognitive heterogeneity and innovation performance, but moderating effects did not appear to be seen in the other two relationships. Our study contributes to a deeper understanding of the value of interdisciplinary research collaboration. View Full-Text
Keywords: interdisciplinary cooperation; innovation performance; team heterogeneity; transformational leadership; China; university interdisciplinary cooperation; innovation performance; team heterogeneity; transformational leadership; China; university
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Huang, S.; Chen, J.; Mei, L.; Mo, W. The Effect of Heterogeneity and Leadership on Innovation Performance: Evidence from University Research Teams in China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4441.

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