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Impact of the Built Environment and Bicycling Psychological Factors on the Acceptable Bicycling Distance of Rural Residents

1
Department of Engineering Management, Sichuan College of Architectural Technology, Deyang 618000, China
2
College of Environment and Civil Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
3
School of Public Affairs and Administration, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
4
School of Construction Management Technology, Purdue Polytechnic Institute, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4404; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164404
Received: 8 July 2019 / Revised: 10 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
PDF [2284 KB, uploaded 20 August 2019]

Abstract

The ability to understand bicycling behavior in China’s rural areas is critical in constructing an improved, sustainable, countryside amid the rapid urbanization in the country. This study analyzes the influence of individual bicycling psychology, objective, and perceived built environment on the acceptable bicycling distance of rural residents. This research is conducted by controlling for the socio-demographic characteristics of the residents on the bases of a face-to-face questionnaire survey and an on-site measurement. Exploratory factor analysis shows three attitudinal common factors on bicycling infrastructure, namely, bicycling ancillary facilities, bicycle lane conditions, and safety, and two bicycling motivation factors, namely, convenience and other motivations. Multiple linear regression was estimated and results of the models were consistent. Individual bicycling psychology and built environment factors significantly influence the acceptable bicycling distance of rural residents. The socio-demographic variables insignificantly influence the acceptable bicycling distance, which is inconsistent with the existing literature. The research results provide a broad empirical base for the complex relationships among individual bicycling psychological factors, objective and perceived built environment, and bicycling behavior. This study presents the first research on bicycling in Chinese rural areas and provides guidance for the development of effective countermeasures in constructing ecovillages.
Keywords: rural built environment; bicycling distance; bicycling psychological factors; bicycling behavior; multiple linear regression model rural built environment; bicycling distance; bicycling psychological factors; bicycling behavior; multiple linear regression model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, Y.; Ao, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, Y.; Zhao, L.; Chen, Y. Impact of the Built Environment and Bicycling Psychological Factors on the Acceptable Bicycling Distance of Rural Residents. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4404.

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