Next Article in Journal
Uncertainty Assessment in Drought Severities for the Cheongmicheon Watershed Using Multiple GCMs and the Reliability Ensemble Averaging Method
Previous Article in Journal
City Branding Evaluation as a Tool for Sustainable Urban Growth: A Framework and Lessons from the Yangtze River Delta Region
Open AccessArticle

Selection of a Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Low-Income Household

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
2
ESIEE-Paris, Cité Descartes, BP 99, 93162 Noisy-le-Grand, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4282; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164282
Received: 29 June 2019 / Revised: 12 July 2019 / Accepted: 22 July 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
The use of a single criterion in the selection of the most suitable hybrid renewable energy system (HRES) has been reported to be inadequate in terms of sustainability. In order to fill this gap, this study presents a multi-criteria approach for the selection of HRES for a typical low-income household. The analysis is based on two energy demand scenarios viz: consumer demand based on energy efficient equipment (EET) and consumer energy demand without energy efficiency. The optimization of the HRES is performed using hybrid optimization of multiple energy renewables (HOMER) while the multi-criteria analysis is carried out using Criteria Importance Through Intercriteria Correlation (CRITIC) and the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to the Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). Results show that the optimal HRES alternative returned based on both energy demand scenarios is a PV/GEN/BAT system. The analysis further shows that a reduction of 44.6% in energy demand through EET leads to: 51.38% decrease in total net present cost, 11.90% decrease in cost of energy, 96.61% decrease in CO 2 emission and 193.94% increase in renewable fraction. Furthermore, the use of multi-criteria approach for HRES selection has an influence in the selection and ranking of the most suitable HRES alternatives. Overall, the application of EETs is environmentally and economically beneficial while the application of MCDM can help decision makers make a comprehensively informed decision on the selection of the most suitable HRES. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficiency; hybrid renewable energy system; HOMER; TOPSIS; low-income household energy efficiency; hybrid renewable energy system; HOMER; TOPSIS; low-income household
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Babatunde, O.M.; Munda, J.L.; Hamam, Y. Selection of a Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Low-Income Household. Sustainability 2019, 11, 4282. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164282

AMA Style

Babatunde OM, Munda JL, Hamam Y. Selection of a Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Low-Income Household. Sustainability. 2019; 11(16):4282. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164282

Chicago/Turabian Style

Babatunde, Olubayo M.; Munda, Josiah L.; Hamam, Yskandar. 2019. "Selection of a Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Low-Income Household" Sustainability 11, no. 16: 4282. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164282

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop