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Open AccessArticle

An Optimisation Model to Consider the NIMBY Syndrome within the Landfill Siting Problem

Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università del Sannio, piazza Roma 21, 82100 Benevento, Italy
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3904; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143904
Received: 23 May 2019 / Revised: 15 July 2019 / Accepted: 16 July 2019 / Published: 18 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Mobility: Social, Technological and Environmental Issues)
This paper proposes a discrete optimisation model and a heuristic algorithm to solve the landfill siting problem over large areas. Besides waste transport costs and plant construction and maintenance costs, usually considered in such problems, the objective function includes economic compensation for residents in the areas affected by the landfill, to combat the NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard) syndrome or, at least, reduce its adverse effects. The proposed methodology is applied to a real-scale case study, the region of Campania, Italy, where waste management is a thorny problem. Numerical results show that the proposed algorithm may be used to obtain a solution to the problem, albeit sub-optimal, with acceptable computing times, and the proposed model tends to locate landfills in sparsely populated sites. View Full-Text
Keywords: landfills; sustainability; waste management; location problems; local opposition landfills; sustainability; waste management; location problems; local opposition
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Gallo, M. An Optimisation Model to Consider the NIMBY Syndrome within the Landfill Siting Problem. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3904.

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