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Article

The Three Musketeers Relationships between Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen Before and After Shanghai–Hong Kong Stock Connect

1
Department of Economics and Finance, The Hang Seng University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
2
Research School of Economics, Australian National University, Canberra 0200, Australia
3
Department of Finance, Fintech Center, and Big Data Research Center, Asia University, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
4
Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 41354, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3845; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143845
Received: 10 June 2019 / Revised: 8 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
This study examines the sustainability of financial integration between China (represented by Shenzhen and Shanghai) stock markets and Hong Kong stock market over the period of pre and post launch of the Stock Connect Scheme. This paper aims to fill the gap in the financial literature by providing empirical research on the dynamics of the financial integration process, and examining the sustainability of financial integration among the three Chinese stock markets. We apply cointegration and both linear and nonlinear causalities to investigate whether the Shanghai–Hong Kong Stock Connect has any impact on both market capitalizations and market indices of Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Shenzhen markets. Through cointegration tests and linear Granger causality techniques, it was found that the stock markets from mainland China are increasingly influencing the Hong Kong stock market after the introduction of the Stock Connect Scheme; however, when using nonlinear Granger causality analysis for confirming China market dominance, the result shows an reverse relationship whereby the Hong Kong stock market is still relevant to understand and predict China stock market after the introduction of the Stock Connect Scheme. Overall, our findings support the view that the Shanghai–Hong Kong Stock Connect has a significant impact on both market capitalizations and market indices of the Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Shenzhen markets, but Hong Kong stock market is still relevant to understand and predict China stock market after the introduction of the Stock Connect Scheme. The change in share premium difference between mainland China’s domestic A-share markets and Hong Kong’s H-share market could change investors’ appetites or sentiments. Further research includes examining whether there is any functional relationship including nonlinear relationship and studying the dynamic drivers of the relationships. View Full-Text
Keywords: financial integration; cointegration; error correction; linear and nonlinear causality financial integration; cointegration; error correction; linear and nonlinear causality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, A.W.-W.; Chow, N.S.-C.; Chui, D.K.-H.; Wong, W.-K. The Three Musketeers Relationships between Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen Before and After Shanghai–Hong Kong Stock Connect. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3845. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143845

AMA Style

Cheng AW-W, Chow NS-C, Chui DK-H, Wong W-K. The Three Musketeers Relationships between Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen Before and After Shanghai–Hong Kong Stock Connect. Sustainability. 2019; 11(14):3845. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143845

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheng, Andy W.-W., Nikolai S.-C. Chow, David K.-H. Chui, and Wing-Keung Wong. 2019. "The Three Musketeers Relationships between Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen Before and After Shanghai–Hong Kong Stock Connect" Sustainability 11, no. 14: 3845. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143845

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