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Inorganic Waste Management in Greenhouse Agriculture in Almeria (SE Spain): Towards a Circular System in Intensive Horticultural Production

1
Department of Economy of the Agri-food Chain, Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IFAPA), 18080 Granada, Spain
2
Department of Agri-food Engineering and Technology, Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IFAPA), 04745 La Mojonera, Almería, Spain
3
Department of Economy of the Agri-food Chain, Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IFAPA), 04745 La Mojonera, Almería, Spain
4
Department of Prospective and Foresight, Andalusian Agency of Agriculture and fisheries Development (AGAPA), 14004 Córdoba, Spain
5
Department of Prospective and Foresight, Andalusian Agency of Agriculture and fisheries Development (AGAPA), 04004 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3782; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143782
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 3 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
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Abstract

The concept of circular economy, whose model is based on three main pillars: (i) design out waste and pollution; (ii) keep products and materials in use; and (iii) regenerate natural systems, has recently been applied to different sectors. This concept is directly related to bioeconomy. Spain implemented its own strategy in bioeconomy in 2016, affecting all economic activities, agriculture included. In line with this, one of the most important agricultural sectors is the greenhouse horticulture of Almería (SE Spain). This region has experienced deep changes in the last 40 years, and has become one of the most efficient agro-industrial complexes in the world. This rapid growth has brought sustainability problems such as pollution, water overuse, or inadequate waste management. Several studies have undertaken organic waste reuse or minimization, but an important lack of knowledge exists regarding the inorganic fraction. One of the goals of the REINWASTE project is to find solutions for this problem. Therefore, an extensive legal framework has been consulted and an in-depth study of the steps in greenhouse production with the associated residues has been carried out. Additionally, information from experts and stakeholders has been registered, resulting a list of Best Available Technologies (BATs) to prevent and minimize inorganic waste generation. This article highlights the intensive greenhouse horticulture from Almería efforts to reach circularity by closing the loop with inorganic waste. View Full-Text
Keywords: horticulture sector; greenhouse; REINWASTE project; inorganic waste; sustainability; circular economy horticulture sector; greenhouse; REINWASTE project; inorganic waste; sustainability; circular economy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sayadi-Gmada, S.; Rodríguez-Pleguezuelo, C.R.; Rojas-Serrano, F.; Parra-López, C.; Parra-Gómez, S.; García-García, M.C.; García-Collado, R.; Lorbach-Kelle, M.B.; Manrique-Gordillo, T. Inorganic Waste Management in Greenhouse Agriculture in Almeria (SE Spain): Towards a Circular System in Intensive Horticultural Production. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3782.

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