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Article

Determinants and Mechanisms of Tourists’ Environmentally Responsible Behavior: Applying and Extending the Value-Identity-Personal Norm Model in China

1
Department of Marketing, Business School of Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
2
Department of Marketing, School of Business Administration, Xuzhou Vocational College of Industrial Technology, Xuzhou 221140, China
3
Department of International Education, School of International Education, Xuzhou Vocational College of Industrial Technology, Xuzhou 221140, China
4
Department of Information Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3711; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133711
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 6 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marketing for Sustainable Tourism)
It is well recognized that tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior is a prominent contributor to the sustainable development of tourist destinations. Based on the original Value-Identity-Personal norm (VIP) model and self-efficacy theory, this study proposes an extended VIP model for exploring the generalized determinants of tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior and investigating the impact mechanism of this behavior in China. A total number of 435 self-reported questionnaires were collected on a professional online survey platform. Our research results indicated that the extended VIP model could significantly and validly explain tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior. Specifically, biospheric values have an indirect but rooted effect on tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior. Furthermore, two indirect paths play the same mediational role between biospheric values and tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior. The findings expand the application field of the VIP model, contribute to a better understanding for academic researchers of tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior and shed light on managerial implications for practitioners in the sustainable development of tourist destinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: biospheric values; environmental self-identity; environmental self-efficacy; personal norm; tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior; China biospheric values; environmental self-identity; environmental self-efficacy; personal norm; tourists’ environmentally responsible behavior; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, Y.; Wei, X.; Chen, S.-C. Determinants and Mechanisms of Tourists’ Environmentally Responsible Behavior: Applying and Extending the Value-Identity-Personal Norm Model in China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3711. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133711

AMA Style

Xu Y, Wei X, Chen S-C. Determinants and Mechanisms of Tourists’ Environmentally Responsible Behavior: Applying and Extending the Value-Identity-Personal Norm Model in China. Sustainability. 2019; 11(13):3711. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133711

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xu, Yongxun, Xuechao Wei, and Shih-Chih Chen. 2019. "Determinants and Mechanisms of Tourists’ Environmentally Responsible Behavior: Applying and Extending the Value-Identity-Personal Norm Model in China" Sustainability 11, no. 13: 3711. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133711

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