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Household Split, Income, and Migrants’ Life Satisfaction: Social Problems Caused by Rapid Urbanization in China

School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
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Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3415; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123415
Received: 6 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
Household split between rural and urban areas has become an important social issue in China’s urbanization process. This study analysed the influence of household split on migrants’ life satisfaction and the differences between inter- and intra-provincial migrants. Using the data of the 2014 China Migrants Dynamic Survey, we found that the life satisfaction of inter-provincial migrants was significantly lower than that of intra-provincial migrants. For inter-provincial migrants, the life satisfaction of those who moved to the city with underaged children was significantly lower than that of those who left their children in their hometown. Moreover, the life satisfaction of migrants who were concerned about childcare in the hometown was significantly lower than that of those who did not worry about it. Chinese migrants face a dilemma: bringing their family members to the city despite the lack of social welfare support or leaving them in the hometown worrying about family care. We also found that family income does not have a significant moderating effect on the decline in life satisfaction owing to concerns about childcare in the hometown. Future policy concerning China’s population should create external conditions for migrants to accomplish family reunion. View Full-Text
Keywords: household split; income; life satisfaction; migrant; China household split; income; life satisfaction; migrant; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.; Chen, H.; Liu, J. Household Split, Income, and Migrants’ Life Satisfaction: Social Problems Caused by Rapid Urbanization in China. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3415. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123415

AMA Style

Chen Y, Chen H, Liu J. Household Split, Income, and Migrants’ Life Satisfaction: Social Problems Caused by Rapid Urbanization in China. Sustainability. 2019; 11(12):3415. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123415

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Yang, Hongsheng Chen, and Jinhua Liu. 2019. "Household Split, Income, and Migrants’ Life Satisfaction: Social Problems Caused by Rapid Urbanization in China" Sustainability 11, no. 12: 3415. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123415

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