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The Balance of Individual and Infrastructure Values in Decisions Regarding Advanced Science and Technology

1
Center for Creation of Symbiosis Society with Risk, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan
2
Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc., 2-10-3, Nagatacho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8141, Japan
3
Institute of Advanced Sciences, Yokohama National University, 79-5 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3385; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123385
Received: 12 April 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 13 June 2019 / Published: 19 June 2019
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Abstract

A country’s scientific technology policy rarely reflects public opinion. In this study, we created a hierarchical model of societal well-being, comprising five value components for both individual and infrastructure well-being, to analyze the balance among these values. We conducted a survey in two stages; first, both individual and infrastructure well-being were investigated, and then the weights between pairs of value categories composing individual and infrastructure well-being were scored to assess which categories were most important. The analysis of the first stage used the score magnitudes, while that of the second stage used the analytic hierarchy process. The results showed that people value individual well-being more than infrastructure well-being. For both types of well-being, values related to the economy and safety were ranked as more important than the other values, but the weights were distributed over all value components. For individual well-being, the most important value category was the one related to safety, while for infrastructure well-being, it was economy. Therefore, people prioritize different values for themselves and for society as a whole. This suggests that when making decisions regarding technology, it is necessary to understand its effects on all fields and consider the balance between the value categories of well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: individual well-being; infrastructure well-being; technology assessment; comprehensive risk assessment; decision-making; analytic hierarchy process individual well-being; infrastructure well-being; technology assessment; comprehensive risk assessment; decision-making; analytic hierarchy process
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Hienuki, S.; Noguchi, K.; Shibutani, T.; Saigo, T.; Miyake, A. The Balance of Individual and Infrastructure Values in Decisions Regarding Advanced Science and Technology. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3385.

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