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A Measure of Nature Connectedness for Children and Adults: Validation, Performance, and Insights

Human Sciences Research Centre, University of Derby, Derby DE22 1GB, UK
Valuing Environment Team, Natural England, York YO1 7PX, UK
Department of Psychology, Social Work and Counselling, Faculty of Education & Health, University of Greenwich, Greenwich, London SE10 9LS, UK
Care Farming UK, Bristol BS3 4NA, UK
European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro, Cornwall, TR1 3HD, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3250;
Received: 28 March 2019 / Revised: 3 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
With benefits to both human well-being and pro-nature conservation behaviors, nature connectedness is emerging as an important psychological construct for a sustainable future. The growing research and applied and policy-related interests require a straightforward measure of nature connectedness that is suitable for both children and adult populations. To establish the reliability of the new Nature Connection Index (NCI) three factor analyses were conducted. One was based on a large Monitor of Engagement with the Natural Environment (MENE) dataset for adults (n = 3568) with a replication from data sets collected online (n = 553), and a third used MENE data from children (n = 351). To validate the NCI as a measure for nature connectedness an online comparison study (n = 153) included the NCI alongside other established measures. The results showed that the NCI was a reliable and valid scale that offers a short, simple alternative to other measures of nature connectedness, particularly for populations including both children and adults, measured face to face or online. The utility of the NCI is also supported, with variations associated with various pro-environmental and pro-conservation behaviors observed, and importantly the NCI also revealed changes in nature connectedness across the lifespan. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature connectedness; pro-nature conservation behaviors; lifespan nature connectedness; pro-nature conservation behaviors; lifespan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Richardson, M.; Hunt, A.; Hinds, J.; Bragg, R.; Fido, D.; Petronzi, D.; Barbett, L.; Clitherow, T.; White, M. A Measure of Nature Connectedness for Children and Adults: Validation, Performance, and Insights. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3250.

AMA Style

Richardson M, Hunt A, Hinds J, Bragg R, Fido D, Petronzi D, Barbett L, Clitherow T, White M. A Measure of Nature Connectedness for Children and Adults: Validation, Performance, and Insights. Sustainability. 2019; 11(12):3250.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Richardson, Miles, Anne Hunt, Joe Hinds, Rachel Bragg, Dean Fido, Dominic Petronzi, Lea Barbett, Theodore Clitherow, and Matthew White. 2019. "A Measure of Nature Connectedness for Children and Adults: Validation, Performance, and Insights" Sustainability 11, no. 12: 3250.

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