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Socio-Demographic Predictors of Food Waste Behavior in Denmark and Spain

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Netherlands Nutrition Centre (Voedingscentrum), 2594 AC The Hague, The Netherlands
MAPP Centre, Aarhus University, DK-8210 Aarhus V, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3244;
Received: 7 May 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 8 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
PDF [930 KB, uploaded 12 June 2019]
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Food waste generated at the household level represents about half of the total food waste in high-income countries, making consumers a target for food waste reduction strategies. To successfully reduce consumer food waste, it is necessary to have an understanding of factors influencing food waste behaviors (FWB). The objective of this study was to investigate socio-demographic predictors of FWB among consumers in two European countries: Denmark and Spain. Based on a survey involving 1518 Danish and 1511 Spanish consumers, we examined the associations of age, sex, education, marital status, employment status, and household size with FWB. By using structural equation modeling based on confirmatory factor analysis, we created the variable FWB from self-reported food waste and two activities that have been correlated with the amount of food wasted in previous studies: namely, shopping routines and food preparation. Results show that being older, unemployed, and working part-time were associated with less food waste behavior in both countries. In Denmark, being male was associated with more food waste behavior, and living in a household with four or more people was associated with less food waste behavior. These results underscore the modest role of socio-demographic characteristics in predicting food waste behavior in Europe. View Full-Text
Keywords: food waste; behavior; socio-demographic; predictors; SEM food waste; behavior; socio-demographic; predictors; SEM

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Grasso, A.C.; Olthof, M.R.; Boevé, A.J.; van Dooren, C.; Lähteenmäki, L.; Brouwer, I.A. Socio-Demographic Predictors of Food Waste Behavior in Denmark and Spain. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3244.

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