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What Attitudes Toward Refugees Do Future European Teachers Have? A Comparative Analysis between France and Spain

Department of Education, University of Almería, Cañada de San Urbano s/n. 04120 Almería, Spain
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Sustainability 2019, 11(11), 3066; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11113066
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 24 May 2019 / Accepted: 29 May 2019 / Published: 30 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intercultural Education and Sustainability)
(1) Background. The increase in international conflicts and humanitarian crises has led to an increase in the movement of people to Europe. The legal and moral commitments of the European Union require the incorporation and integration of such refugees. In this sense, the school and its teaching staff are a key agent in the challenge of integrating newly arrived students. This research analyses attitudes towards inclusive European citizenship, the recognition of rights, and feelings of threat and affective reactions, experienced by future teachers towards refugees in France and Spain. (2) Methods. The investigation was carried out through a cross-sectional survey. There were 851 participants of Spanish and French nationality. (3) Results. The French future teachers showed a lower perception of any threat, and a better predisposition towards the reception of refugees than their Spanish counterparts. Women are those who show a greater recognition of the rights of refugees, and a better predisposition to their integration in Europe. French women feel less of a threat than Spanish women, and are more affective towards refugees. The main predictor of inclusive European citizenship is a low perception of threat related to refugees. (4) Conclusions. Future teachers showed sensitivity towards the accommodation of refugees, but programs that prevent growing xenophobia and discredit towards the European Union are still necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: attitudes toward refugees; inclusive European citizenship; teacher in training; France; Spain attitudes toward refugees; inclusive European citizenship; teacher in training; France; Spain
MDPI and ACS Style

Soriano, E.; Cala, V.C. What Attitudes Toward Refugees Do Future European Teachers Have? A Comparative Analysis between France and Spain. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3066.

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