Next Article in Journal
External Pressure, Corporate Governance, and Voluntary Carbon Disclosure: Evidence from China
Next Article in Special Issue
From Top–Down Regulation to Bottom–Up Solutions: Reconfiguring Governance of Agricultural Nutrient Loading to Waters
Previous Article in Journal
A Hybrid Model for Addressing the Relationship between Financial Performance and Sustainable Development
Previous Article in Special Issue
Severe Drought in Finland: Modeling Effects on Water Resources and Assessing Climate Change Impacts
Article

A Framework for Assessing Water Security and the Water–Energy–Food Nexus—The Case of Finland

1
Finnish Environment Institute, Latokartanonkaari 11, FI-00790 Helsinki, Finland
2
Water & Development Research Group, Department of Built Environment, Aalto University, Tietotie 1E, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(10), 2900; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102900
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 13 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 22 May 2019
Water security demands guaranteeing economic, social and environmental sustainability and simultaneously addressing the diversity of risks and threats related to water. Various frameworks have been suggested to support water security assessment. They are typically based on indexes enabling national comparisons; these may, however, oversimplify complex and often contested water issues. We developed a structured and systemic way to assess water security and its future trends via a participatory process. The framework establishes a criteria hierarchy for water security, consisting of four main themes: the state of the water environment; human health and well-being; the sustainability of livelihoods; and the stability, functions and responsibility of society. The framework further enables the analysis of relationships between the water security criteria as well as between water, energy and food security. The framework was applied to a national water security assessment of Finland in 2018 and 2030. Our experience indicates that using the framework collaboratively with stakeholders provides a meaningful way to improve understanding and to facilitate discussion about the state of water security and the actions needed for its improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: water security; water, energy and food nexus; indexes; assessment framework; qualitative assessment water security; water, energy and food nexus; indexes; assessment framework; qualitative assessment
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Marttunen, M.; Mustajoki, J.; Sojamo, S.; Ahopelto, L.; Keskinen, M. A Framework for Assessing Water Security and the Water–Energy–Food Nexus—The Case of Finland. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2900. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102900

AMA Style

Marttunen M, Mustajoki J, Sojamo S, Ahopelto L, Keskinen M. A Framework for Assessing Water Security and the Water–Energy–Food Nexus—The Case of Finland. Sustainability. 2019; 11(10):2900. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102900

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marttunen, Mika; Mustajoki, Jyri; Sojamo, Suvi; Ahopelto, Lauri; Keskinen, Marko. 2019. "A Framework for Assessing Water Security and the Water–Energy–Food Nexus—The Case of Finland" Sustainability 11, no. 10: 2900. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11102900

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop