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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3270; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093270

Integrative Assessment of Land Use Conflicts

1
Institute of Landscape Ecology of Slovak Academy of Sciences, 81499 Bratislava, Slovakia
2
Faculty of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Technical University Zvolen, 96053 Zvolen, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 5 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 13 September 2018
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Abstract

Changes in land use are reflected primary in changes of land cover, but subsequently cause conflict of interest of sectors and are the main initiation of many environmental problems. The basic tool for sustainable utilization of the landscape is integrated landscape management, which, in our understanding, is the environmentally biased harmonization of tools which regulate the spatial organization and functional utilization of the landscape to avoid the conflicts of interest of sectors. “Integrated” in this case means the systematic assessment of the interests of all relevant sectors from the environmental point of view. The scientific base of this approach is the understanding of the landscape as a geosystem, and, in particular, the proper interpretation of the mutual relations of primary, secondary and tertiary landscape structures and their role in the assessment of the conflicts of interest. This paper presents a theoretical and methodical base for the integrated approach to the assessment of the conflicts of interest of the sectors in the landscape. The theoretical-methodical base was applied to the model territory of the Trnava district (south-west Slovakia). Mutual conflicts of interest of endangering and endangered sectors cause diverse problems, which were ranked in three basic groups as: problems of endangering of the ecological stability of the landscape (including endangering of biodiversity and nature conservation areas); problems of endangering of natural resources (in particular forests, soils, waters); and, problems of endangering the immediate human environment (stress factors in residential and recreational areas). The result is the identification and analysis of the conflicts of interest in the territory and their projection to a map. This research should be followed by implementation of procedures of ecologically optimal spatial organization and utilization of the territory for regular spatial planning processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use conflicts; encounters of interests; landscape as geosystem; integrative landscape management; Trnava district land use conflicts; encounters of interests; landscape as geosystem; integrative landscape management; Trnava district
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Izakovičová, Z.; Miklós, L.; Miklósová, V. Integrative Assessment of Land Use Conflicts. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3270.

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