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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3243; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093243

Understanding the Living Conditions of Chinese Urban Neighborhoods through Social Infrastructure Configurations: The Case Study of Tianjin

1
Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
2
Experimental Teaching Center of Applied Social Science, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
3
School of Social & Political Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8RS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 August 2018 / Revised: 4 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
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Abstract

Under the unprecedented wave of urbanization and pace of economic development, the living conditions of residents have been unevenly changed in Chinese cities. To understand the diversified living conditions in Chinese urban neighborhoods from the supply-side point of view, new spatial and residential data were gathered to investigate the social infrastructure configurations around the residential communities. Using Tianjin as a case study, the research focuses on six important categories of human needs: education, healthcare, leisure, culture, entertainment, and transportation. Based on the cumulative accessibility measurements of 25 types of facilities, the social infrastructure configurations within neighborhoods are statistically and spatially analyzed and compared. The study discovered that: (1) despite the great diversity of living conditions in the city, the neighborhoods that have better services and strong associations with entertainment and education are prominent; (2) the neighborhoods with advantageous living conditions in different aspects tend to cluster at different places; (3) the neighborhoods of different types of communities, belonging to different administrative districts, or in different urban zones, all have distinctive characteristics in living conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: social infrastructure; living condition; neighborhood; urban environment; China social infrastructure; living condition; neighborhood; urban environment; China
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Sun, X.; Wang, W.; Sun, T.; Wang, Y.P. Understanding the Living Conditions of Chinese Urban Neighborhoods through Social Infrastructure Configurations: The Case Study of Tianjin. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3243.

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