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State Control Versus Hybrid Land Markets: Planning and Urban Development in Transitional Hanoi, Vietnam

School of Architecture, Southeast University, Department of Urban Planning, No.2 Sipailou Road, Nanjing 210096, China
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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 2993; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10092993
Received: 19 June 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 21 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
During the post-reform period since 1986, land-use systems in Vietnam have been reformed in terms of the regulation of land markets and the built environment. This study analyzes the changing role of urban planning and the policy of state intervention in land markets to manage spatial changes in Vietnamese cities. Theoretical and empirical approaches are used to analyze urban development and planning practices in Hanoi. The study further describes the constraints of planning systems in hybrid land markets that include both formal and informal land development. We argue that in Vietnam, where the role of the state in market construction has not been fully developed and land market institutions are incomplete, urban planning is used as a passive tool of state control and is no longer relevant to the process of spatial development, which is driven by the speculative activities of interest actors. This situation challenges state regulations for the effective management of spatial resources. The empirical results suggest the utility of further reforms to the land-use system and planning institutions in Vietnam, and of strengthening the capacity of the state in land administration. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban development; planning control; land market; the state; Hanoi urban development; planning control; land market; the state; Hanoi
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Nguyen, H.L.; Duan, J.; Liu, J.H. State Control Versus Hybrid Land Markets: Planning and Urban Development in Transitional Hanoi, Vietnam. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2993.

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