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Open AccessArticle

Benefits and Drawbacks of Coopetition: The Roles of Scope and Durability in Coopetitive Relationships

1
Collegium of Business Administration, Warsaw School of Economics, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Applied Sciences, WSB University, 41-300 Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland
3
Nord University Business School, Nord University, Universitetsaleen, 8049 Bodø, Norway
4
Faculty of Business Administration and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Campus Haugesund, Bjørnsonsgate 45, 5528 Haugesund, Norway
5
Faculty of Management Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, 15-001 Białystok, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2688; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082688
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 26 July 2018 / Accepted: 30 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
The growing importance of cooperative relationships may currently be observed throughout the world. The vast majority of such relationships take the form of coopetition, i.e., the simultaneous existence of cooperation and competition between competitors. Previous research on coopetition characterizes these relationships mostly in the context of the benefits achieved. Researchers emphasize a number of benefits resulting from coopetition, e.g., stimulation of innovations of partners, development of the technology, obtaining complementary resources, entering new markets, or creating new products. However, when deciding to begin coopetition, companies should not only consider the benefits, but also the drawbacks associated with such relationships. This is due to the fact that disadvantages are inherent features of coopetitive relationships between competitors. The relationship between the duration of cooperative relationships in particular areas and the benefits and costs associated with these relationships is scarcely researched. Using a sample of 210 companies operating in the high-tech sector in Poland, we aimed to cover this gap in the knowledge base and to analyze this aspect of coopetition. Several research methods including multidimensional correspondence analysis, correlation analysis of qualitative variables, a chi-square test, multi-table analysis, and association rules were applied. The results of our research showed that coopetition is a viable strategy which contributes to the sustainable development of firms. We also found that the duration of coopetitive relationships in different areas of company activity is related to different types of benefits to collaboration partners. View Full-Text
Keywords: coopetition; benefits and drawbacks of coopetition; scope and durability of coopetition; competitors; sustainability coopetition; benefits and drawbacks of coopetition; scope and durability of coopetition; competitors; sustainability
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Cygler, J.; Sroka, W.; Solesvik, M.; Dębkowska, K. Benefits and Drawbacks of Coopetition: The Roles of Scope and Durability in Coopetitive Relationships. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2688.

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