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Open AccessArticle

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Intra-National Freight Transport: Measurement and Scenarios for Greater Sustainability in Spain

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Departamento de Análisis Económico, Teoría Económica e Historia Económica, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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Departamento de Economía Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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L. R. Klein Institute, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(7), 2467; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072467
Received: 11 May 2018 / Revised: 19 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Freight Transport)
Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions is a topic of major concern worldwide. Following previous articles which provide a methodology for estimating GHG emissions associated with international trade by transport mode at the world level, in this paper, we estimate an equivalent database of GHG emissions for inter-regional trade flows within a country (Spain). To this end, we built a new database of GHG emissions for origin–destination flows between Spanish provinces during 1995–2015. For each year, we combine industry-specific flows by four transport modes (road, train, ship and aircraft) with the corresponding GHG emissions factor for each mode in tons*km, drawn from the specialized literature. With this dataset of GHG emissions, we generate and analyze the temporal, sectoral and spatial pattern of Spanish inter-regional GHG flows. We then forecast emissions for 2016–2030 and consider how transport mode shifts might produce a more sustainable freight system within the country through the substitution of environmentally friendly alternatives (railway) for specific origin–destination–product flows in high-polluting modes (road). View Full-Text
Keywords: greenhouse gas emissions; national freight transport emissions; interregional trade by transport mode; modal shift greenhouse gas emissions; national freight transport emissions; interregional trade by transport mode; modal shift
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MDPI and ACS Style

Llano, C.; Pérez-Balsalobre, S.; Pérez-García, J. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Intra-National Freight Transport: Measurement and Scenarios for Greater Sustainability in Spain. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2467. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072467

AMA Style

Llano C, Pérez-Balsalobre S, Pérez-García J. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Intra-National Freight Transport: Measurement and Scenarios for Greater Sustainability in Spain. Sustainability. 2018; 10(7):2467. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072467

Chicago/Turabian Style

Llano, Carlos; Pérez-Balsalobre, Santiago; Pérez-García, Julian. 2018. "Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Intra-National Freight Transport: Measurement and Scenarios for Greater Sustainability in Spain" Sustainability 10, no. 7: 2467. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072467

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