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Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1906; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061906

Participatory Climate Change Impact Assessment in Three Czech Cities: The Case of Heatwaves

1
Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Bělidla 986/4a, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Brno Regional Office, Kroftova 43, 616 67 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 31 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Resilient Urban Development)
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Abstract

Cities are complex socioecological systems that are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and are also exposed to other trends, such as urbanization and population aging. Due to the changing climate, days with extreme temperatures are expected to become more numerous, which is particularly important for urban areas, where the urban heat island phenomenon is observed. This study presents an example of a spatially explicit potential climate change impact assessment of heatwaves integrating both science and stakeholder participation for three large Czech cities (Prague, Brno, and Pilsen). Stakeholder participation exercises were used to prioritize climate change risks, provide impetus and opportunity for knowledge co-production, and support adaptation planning. Potential climate change impacts of heatwaves in the three Czech cities for the current baseline (1981–2010) and for the future (2021–2040) using Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs)—RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, were mapped at two levels describing “in-city” and “inter-city” comparison. When comparing the potential impact of heatwaves across the three cities (“inter-city”), the most affected city is Brno, with 10.5% of its area in the very high impact category for the baseline and both RCPs. The “in-city” comparison shows the differences between the baseline and future scenarios of each city. The assessment of heatwaves’ impacts was further used to support urban adaptation planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change impact assessment; urban adaptation; heatwaves; Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs); stakeholder participation; vulnerability assessment framework climate change impact assessment; urban adaptation; heatwaves; Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs); stakeholder participation; vulnerability assessment framework
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Krkoška Lorencová, E.; Whitham, C.E.L.; Bašta, P.; Harmáčková, Z.V.; Štěpánek, P.; Zahradníček, P.; Farda, A.; Vačkář, D. Participatory Climate Change Impact Assessment in Three Czech Cities: The Case of Heatwaves. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1906.

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