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Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1587; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051587

Innovative Solutions for Reusing Packaging Waste Materials in Humanitarian Logistics

Department of Industrial Engineering, Alma Mater Studiorum—University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
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Received: 18 April 2018 / Revised: 13 May 2018 / Accepted: 14 May 2018 / Published: 16 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
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Abstract

The impact of packaging waste on the environment is becoming unsustainable, which has necessitated a turning point in material recycling and reuse. Such a concept is highly relevant in the humanitarian supply chain due to the huge mass of packaging items that are provided to countries hit by disasters, with these bad conditions making it almost impossible to adopt a rational management of waste streams. The goal of this study is to provide an approach and feasible solutions to reduce the environmental influence of waste produced by packaging and at the same time, to help people affected by disasters. Starting from the analysis of the available materials, several solutions of packaging reuse and recycling are developed and several prototypes are realized and tested in collaboration with the United Nations Humanitarian Response Depots-Lab (UNHRD-Lab), which starts from the basic packaging materials used to supply first-aid to people, including cardboard, pallets, woods, and plastics. This paper addresses the above ideas and presents the design process, results and some quality tests. The experimental evidence encourages future on-field validation in refugee camps. View Full-Text
Keywords: packaging material; humanitarian logistics; waste management; material reuse; recycling packaging material; humanitarian logistics; waste management; material reuse; recycling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Regattieri, A.; Gamberi, M.; Bortolini, M.; Piana, F. Innovative Solutions for Reusing Packaging Waste Materials in Humanitarian Logistics. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1587.

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