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Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1416; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051416

Sustainable Planning of Cross-Border Cooperation: A Strategy for Alliances in Border Cities

1
Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Dąbrowa Górnicza, 41-300 Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland
2
Environmental Resources Analysis Research Group (ARAM), University of Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
3
Department of Landscape, Environment and Planning, School of Science and Technology, University of Évora, Évora 7-671, Portugal
4
VALORIZA—Research Centre for Endogenous Resource Valorization, Portalegre 7300-110, Portugal
5
ICAAM—Institute for Agrarian and Environmental Sciences, University of Évora, Évora 7-671, Portugal
6
Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre (IPP), Portalegre 7300-110, Portugals
7
Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-being (CinTurs), University of Algarve, Faro 8005-139, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 March 2018 / Revised: 24 April 2018 / Accepted: 29 April 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Abstract

In recent years, cooperation among nations has become a critical issue towards sustainable development of neighbor cities in border areas. In this regard, sustainable common planning approaches and policies are an increasing reality, particularly in European territories. Considering the significant amount of cross-border cooperation (CBC) projects and strategies within Europe, it is crucial to promote research approaches that are able to identify the most positive approaches towards the establishment of alliances in border territories, serving as pivotal methodologies for achieving success. Contextually, the present study considered direct and indirect research methods and tools, literature reviews, data collection, computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) and computer-assisted web interview (CAWI), all applied over two European border cities: Cieszyn (Poland) and Cesky Tesin (Czech Republic). These methods enabled the assembly of perspectives of local authorities, public and private institutions, non-governmental organizations, and entrepreneurs from the cities under study. Through the analysis of the collected data, five conditions have been identified for the success of strategic alliances in CBC projects: (i) well defining the alliance goals; (ii) ensuring participation in the alliance of various groups of stakeholders; (iii) involvement of both partners with extensive experience in CBC; (iv) ensuring the coherence of the key objective; and (v) guaranteeing the alliance benefits both sides. These conditions might effectively contribute to achieve more successful outputs in CBC projects, highlighting the relevance of previously developed strategies on the definition of future approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: cross-border cooperation (CBC); inter-organizational cooperation; alliances; sustainable development; sustainable planning; territorial cohesion cross-border cooperation (CBC); inter-organizational cooperation; alliances; sustainable development; sustainable planning; territorial cohesion
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Kurowska-Pysz, J.; Castanho, R.A.; Loures, L. Sustainable Planning of Cross-Border Cooperation: A Strategy for Alliances in Border Cities. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1416.

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