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The Impact of Intelligent Transportation System Implementations on the Sustainable Growth of Passenger Transport in EU Regions

1
Institute of Management, Administration and Logistics, Faculty of Organization and Management, Silesian University of Technology, Roosevelta 26 Street, Zabrze 41-800, Poland
2
Department of Engineering Management and Logistics Processes, Faculty of Applied Sciences, WSB University, Cieplaka 1C Street, Dąbrowa Górnicza 41-300, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1318; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051318
Received: 29 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 22 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alliances and Network Organizations for Sustainable Development)
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Abstract

This article discusses original studies that demonstrate the relation between developed elements of the transportation network (road system density; railway system density; number of regional railway and bus connections, length of regional railway and bus connections, online accessibility to transportation services and other services related to the development of IT techniques to benefit mass transit) and the regional GNP. A new development relative to preceding studies (as quoted) is that the correlation coefficients calculated do not indicate any essential interrelations between elements of the transport system, or even the number of regional passenger transport services and regional GNP. A determination of the remaining data interrelations indicated the elements of the network which are considered essential to the development of mass transit, as resulting from a study carried out for the first time in 2015 for the Górnośląska-Zagłębioska Metropolis. Considering the fact that the number of railway connections has proven to be the most important determinant of the overall number of passenger transport services, the second part of the article presents studies that focus on the modeling of the railway network, applying the graph theory (extensively applied for ITS). Selected optimized models were analyzed and assessed in terms of possible implementability of specific improvements and the resultant growth in the number of passenger transport services. The research method applied was not novel, but the conclusions drawn from it were surprising, as they indicated that an optimized network of railway connections would not cause any significant increase in the number of passenger transport services. Successive surveys (supplementing statistical analyses) have confirmed the importance of ITS in increasing the share of mass transit in overall transit. (1) The study was carried out in Polish regions, with particular emphasis on Silesia. (2) Its conclusions emphasize the importance of data accumulated for ITS in decision-making processes aiming to ensure the sustainable development of mass/passenger transport. The article confirms a hypothesis which claims that “modeling the regional public transportation grid, applying the principles of ITS, stimulates a growth in the share of passenger transport in the overall bulk of transport, thus contributing to the sustainable development of the region”. View Full-Text
Keywords: ITS; mass transit; development of EU regions ITS; mass transit; development of EU regions
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Stawiarska, E.; Sobczak, P. The Impact of Intelligent Transportation System Implementations on the Sustainable Growth of Passenger Transport in EU Regions. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1318.

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