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Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1332; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051332

Flowchart on Choosing Optimal Method of Observing Transverse Dispersion Coefficient for Solute Transport in Open Channel Flow

Department of Civil, Safety, and Environmental Engineering, Hankyong National University, Anseong-si 17579, Korea
Received: 21 March 2018 / Revised: 17 April 2018 / Accepted: 23 April 2018 / Published: 25 April 2018
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Abstract

There are a number of methods for observing and estimating the transverse dispersion coefficient in an analysis of the solute transport in open channel flow. It may be difficult to select an optimal method to calculate dispersion coefficients from tracer data among numerous methodologies. A flowchart was proposed in this study to select an appropriate method under the transport situation of either time-variant or steady condition. When making the flowchart, the strengths and limitations of the methods were evaluated based on its derivation procedure which was conducted under specific assumptions. Additionally, application examples of these methods on experimental data were illustrated using previous works. Furthermore, the observed dispersion coefficients in a laboratory channel were validated by using transport numerical modeling, and the simulation results were compared with the experimental results from tracer tests. This flowchart may assist in choosing the better methods for determining the transverse dispersion coefficient in various river mixing situations. View Full-Text
Keywords: transverse dispersion coefficient; solute transport; open channel flow; tracer data; flowchart transverse dispersion coefficient; solute transport; open channel flow; tracer data; flowchart
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Baek, K.O. Flowchart on Choosing Optimal Method of Observing Transverse Dispersion Coefficient for Solute Transport in Open Channel Flow. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1332.

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