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Open AccessArticle

Bike Sharing and the Economy, the Environment, and Health-Related Externalities

by 1 and 2,3,4,*
1
College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
School of Economics, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
3
Institute of Resource, Environment & Sustainable Development Research, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
4
School of Business, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1145; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041145
Received: 6 March 2018 / Revised: 5 April 2018 / Accepted: 8 April 2018 / Published: 11 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
In recent years, bike-sharing has experienced rapid development; however, controversies about the externalities of bike-sharing programs have arisen as well. While bike-sharing programs have impacts on traffic, the environment, and public health, the social impacts, the management, and sustainable development of bike-sharing has also been of interest. The debate regards whether there are externalities, as well as whether and how such externalities can be determined. Based on the rapidly diffused bike-sharing in China, this paper quantitatively explores bike-sharing externalities. Specifically, this paper estimates the impacts of bike-sharing on the economy, energy use, the environment, and public health. The empirical results show that bike-sharing programs have significant positive externalities. The bike-sharing systems can provide urban residents with a convenient and time-saving travel mode. We find that the bike-sharing dramatically decreases traffic, reduces energy consumption, decreasing harmful gas emissions, improves public health generally, and promotes economic growth. This study contributes to a better comprehension of the externalities of bike-sharing and provides empirical evidence of the impacts of bike-sharing. Findings suggest that bike-sharing can play a critical role in the process of urban transportation development and provide information useful for urban transportation policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: bike-sharing; externality; economic growth; emission reduction; health effect bike-sharing; externality; economic growth; emission reduction; health effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qiu, L.-Y.; He, L.-Y. Bike Sharing and the Economy, the Environment, and Health-Related Externalities. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041145

AMA Style

Qiu L-Y, He L-Y. Bike Sharing and the Economy, the Environment, and Health-Related Externalities. Sustainability. 2018; 10(4):1145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qiu, Lu-Yi; He, Ling-Yun. 2018. "Bike Sharing and the Economy, the Environment, and Health-Related Externalities" Sustainability 10, no. 4: 1145. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10041145

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