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Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1134;

A New Framework to Evaluate Urban Design Using Urban Microclimatic Modeling in Future Climatic Conditions

Solar Energy and Building Physics Laboratory, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Division of Building Physics, Department of Building and Environmental Technology, Lund University, SE 223 63 Lund, Sweden
Division of Building Technology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, 41258 Gothenburg, Sweden
Institute of Architecture and Technology, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation,1425 Copenhagen, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 February 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 10 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Resilient Urban Development)
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Building more energy-efficient and sustainable urban areas that will both mitigate the effects of climate change and anticipate living conditions in future climate scenarios requires the development of new tools and methods that can help urban planners, architects and communities achieve this goal. In the current study, we designed a workflow that links different methodologies developed separately, to derive the energy consumption of a university school campus for the future. Three different scenarios for typical future years (2039, 2069, 2099) were run, as well as a renovation scenario (Minergie-P). We analyzed the impact of climate change on the heating and cooling demand of buildings and determined the relevance of taking into account the local climate in this particular context. The results from the simulations confirmed that in the future, there will be a constant decrease in the heating demand, while the cooling demand will substantially increase. Significantly, it was further demonstrated that when the local urban climate was taken into account, there was an even higher rise in the cooling demand, but also that a set of proposed Minergie-P renovations were not sufficient to achieve resilient buildings. We discuss the implication of this work for the simulation of building energy consumption at the neighborhood scale and the impact of future local climate on energy system design. We finally give a few perspectives regarding improved urban design and possible pathways for future urban areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; energy system sizing; sustainable urban planning; urban climate; urban design climate change; energy system sizing; sustainable urban planning; urban climate; urban design

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Description: All the data (climate files as well as simulated demand) generated and used in this study are freely available and can be downloaded using the provided link.

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Mauree, D.; Coccolo, S.; Perera, A.T.D.; Nik, V.; Scartezzini, J.-L.; Naboni, E. A New Framework to Evaluate Urban Design Using Urban Microclimatic Modeling in Future Climatic Conditions. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1134.

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