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Open AccessArticle

Evaluating the Collaborative Ecosystem for an Innovation-Driven Economy: A Systems Analysis and Case Study of Science Parks

1
Department of International Business Administration, Chinese Culture University, Taipei City 106, Taiwan
2
Science and Technology Policy Research and Information Center, National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei City 106, Taiwan
3
Georg-August-University of Goettingen, Goettingen 37073, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 887; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030887
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2018 / Accepted: 16 March 2018 / Published: 20 March 2018
National policies for science parks and innovation have been identified as one of the major driving forces for the innovation-driven economy, especially for publicly funded science parks. To investigate this collaborative ecosystem (government-academia-industry) for growth and sustainable development, this paper proposes a nation-wide economic impact analysis of science parks and innovation policy based on historical data drawn from one of the globally recognized high-technology industrial clusters in Taiwan. Systems thinking with causal loop analysis are adopted to improve our understanding of the collaborative ecosystem with science park policies. First, from a holistic viewpoint, the role of government in a science parks and innovation ecosystem is reviewed. A systems analysis of an innovation-driven economy with a science park policy is presented as a strategy map for policy implementers. Second, the added economic value and employment of the benchmarked science parks is evaluated from a long range perspective. Third, the concepts of government-academia-industry collaboration and policies to innovation ecosystem are introduced while addressing the measures and performance of innovation and applied R&D in the science parks. We conclude with a discussion of lessons learned and the policy implications of science park development and an innovation ecosystem. View Full-Text
Keywords: innovation; ecosystem; policy; sustainability; science park; systems thinking innovation; ecosystem; policy; sustainability; science park; systems thinking
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Yan, M.-R.; Chien, K.-M.; Hong, L.-Y.; Yang, T.-N. Evaluating the Collaborative Ecosystem for an Innovation-Driven Economy: A Systems Analysis and Case Study of Science Parks. Sustainability 2018, 10, 887.

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